أسئلة وأجوبة المقابلة الشخصية
المقابلة الشخصية هي أهم نقطة في مسيرة البحث عن الوظيفة وهنا سوف أضع بعض الأسئلة التي لا تخلو مقابلة
شخصية من ورود بعضها إذا ما كان مجملها
أتمنى أن تكون ذات فائدة للجميع
1. أحكي لي عن نفسك؟
أجب بإيجاز وركز على حياتك المهنية. ليس من المناسب ذكر علاقاتك وذكريات طفولتك وأسرتك, بل المطلوب ذكر
تاريخ موجز لخلفيتك التعليمية وحياتك المهنية واهتماماتك الخاصة. أختم حديثك بأسباب اهتمامك بالحصول على
2. لماذا تقدمت للحصول على هذه الوظيفة ؟
قم بإظهار الاهتمام وبرهن أنك قمت بالبحث عن معلومات حول تلك الوظيفة وأنك تعلم متطلباتها عن طريق التحدث عن
المهام التي قمت بها في وظيفتك السابقة أو مجال دراستك التي تؤهلك للوظيفة. بوسعك القول أنك تريد العمل لشركة
رائدة في مجال الاتصالات أو الكهرباء (على سبيل المثال) وإن شهادتك الجامعية في مجال الرياضيات تعطيك خلفية
مناسبة للوظيفة. كما اذكر ما الذي تستطيع أن تضيفه للشركة مستقبلاً .
3. ماذا تعلم عن الشركة؟
أذكر ما تعلمته عن الشركة خلال بحثك عن المعلومات بشأنها خلال تقاريرها السنوية وسمعتها أو من موظفيها. أستغل
هذه الفرصة لمدح أصحاب العمل والمدرسين الذين ساعدوك في التحري والبحث للعمل الجيد.
4. ما الذي يؤهلك لتولي الوظيفة؟
اشرح أنك مهتم بالوظيفة وبرهن أن خبراتك وتعليمك ومؤهلاتك يجعلاك الشخص المثالي لتولي الوظيفة. أظهر الحماس
ودلل على أجوبتك بأمثلة عملية. اشرح خبراتك ومؤهلاتك التي تناسب الوظيفة باستفاضة واضحة.
وفي الأحيان التي لا تناسب خبرتك السابقة الوظيفة، تستطيع أن تجد عناصر يمكن الاستفادة منها في الوظيفة التي
تتقدم لشغلها مثل مهارات استخدام الحاسب الآلي أو القدرة على العمل في فريق لإظهار روح المبادرة حتى إن لم تتمتع
بخبرة في مجال العمل.
5. ماالذي تستطيع تقديمه للشركة ولا يستطيع تقديمه شخص آخر؟
أذكر نقاط قوتك ومهاراتك وصفاتك الشخصية.
6. لماذا نقوم بتعيينك؟
أنظر النقطة 3. لأنك تتمتع بالخبرة/الصفات/المؤهلات المذكورة في نقطة 3 بالإضافة إلى أنك متحمس وتتمتع بالذكاء
وحب العمل والمرونة والقدرة على التعلم . واذكر أي اتصالات لديك قد تساعدك على تأدية وظيفتك.
7. عن ماذا تبحث في الوظيفة؟
كن صادقا، واذكر أيضا صفات مثل " التحدي وفرصة جيدة للتعلم وبيئة وظيفية مناسبة ، الخ.
8. لماذا تريد تغيير مجال عملك؟
أذكر اهتماماتك وأيضا جميع المهارات أو الخبرات ذات الصلة بمجال العمل الجديد. من الشائع هذه الأيام تغيير المجال
الوظيفي، إلا أنه عليك أن تبرهن أنك فكرت بتمعن بشأن التغيير، وأن لديك اهتمام قوي بمجال العمل الجديد وأنك في
وسعك استخدام بعض المهارات أو التعليم أو الاتصالات في المجال الجديد.
9. لماذا تركت وظيفتك السابقة؟
لا تقم بانتقاد أو سب أو شتم أصحاب عمليك السابقين أو تتحدث عن إخفاقك. تستطيع القول أنك تبحث عن تحد جديد،
أو أن تعلمت ما فيه الكفاية من وظيفتك السابقة أو أن شركتك السابقة كان يتم إعادة هيكلتها، أو أنك جاهز لبدء
مرحلة جديدة في حياتك بعد تحقيق أهدافك في شركتك السابقة .
10. لماذا تريد العمل لدينا؟
برهن أنك تعلم بعض المعلومات عن الشركة وأنك تؤمن أنها الرائدة في مجالها، أو أن بيئة العمل بالشركة هي التي
تبحث عنها، أو انك تحب منتجات الشركة، أو أن أصدقاءك الذي يعملون بالشركة يمتدحونها. امتدح الشركة واظهر أنك
تعلم بعض المعلومات عنها.
11. كم من الوقت تحتاجه قبل أن تبدأ بالإسهام في الشركة؟
اظهر أنك متحمس وأن لديك قابلية للتعلم وأنك مستعد لبذل الجهد لمعرفة مجريات الأمور بالشركة والبدء في المساهمة
الفورية. قم بالإشارة إلى أن خبراتك السابقة ستمكنك من الإسهام مباشرة في مجال معين بينما تتعلم المزيد عن سائر
المجالات. يريد من يجري المقابلة أن يعين موظفا يمثل عائدا سريعا لاستثماراته.
12. ما هي نقاط قوتك؟
أنظر النقطة 14 أدناه. بالإضافة إلى ذلك الجمل مثل لاعب فريق، وأعمل جيدا تحت الضغط، ومبدع للغاية، وأتمتع
بمهارات استخدام الحاسب الآلي قد تكون ميزة لمجال عمل أو آخر.
13. ما هي نقاط ضعفك؟
لا تذكر أية نقاط ضعف. المقابلة ليست المناسبة للاعتراف بأنك تجد صعوبة في الالتزام بالمواعيد النهائية أو أنك لا تجيد
الرياضيات. قم بتحويل السؤال لخدمة مصلحتك عن طريق القول أنك (على سبيل المثال) تهتم كثيرا بالتفاصيل أو أنك
مفرط في طموحاتك أو أنك تستمتع بالاشتراك في مهام عدة .
14. ما هي أهدافك في حياتك المهنية؟
اظهر أنك قد فكرت في المستقبل وأنك ملتزم بتحقيق النجاح في حياتك المهنية.
15. كيف تصف نفسك؟
أي من تلك الصفات يبحث عنها أصحاب العمل: ذكي – مجتهد – سريع التعلم – متحمس – صادق – كفء – منتج – طموح –
ناجح ,,,, الخ .
16. كيف يصفك زملاءك ؟
لا تذكر أي صفات سلبية.
17. كيف يصفك مديرك السابق ؟
سيقوم صاحب العمل بالمراجعة في أي حال من الأحوال، فاذكر أكثر الصفات إيجابية بشأن نفسك ودع الأمر لمديرك
السابق إذا كان يريد أن يذكر شيء يخالف ذلك .
18. ما هو أكثر شيء أحببته أو كرهته بشأن وظيفتك السابقة ؟
لا تستخدم الإجابة على هذا السؤال لسب مدراء عملك السابقين. ركز إبراز العوامل التي هي في صالحك مثل القول أنك
استنفذت كافة إمكانيات الوظيفة السابقة أو كافة إمكانيات التعلم منها.
19. قم بوصف موقف في ماضيك ابديت فيه روح المبادرة.
بوسعك أن تصف وسائل ابتكرتها لتأدية وظيفتك أو لخفض المصروفات. يمكن أن يكون هذا الموقف غاية في البساطة،
مثل تغيير نظام حفظ الملفات. لو كنت تعمل في مجال المبيعات، قد تريد التحدث عن كيفية حصولك على الصفقة الكبيرة.
20. ما المسئوليات الرئيسية التي قمت بها في وظيفتك السابقة؟
جهز ردك على هذا السؤال وقم بذكر جميع المسئوليات التي قمت بها مع إعطاء شرحا تفصيليا للمسئوليات ذات الصلة
بالوظيفة التي تتقدم لشغلها.
21. ما هي أعظم انجازاتك؟
للعديد منا بعض الإنجازات التي نفخر كثيرا بها مثل الحصول على ترقية مبكرة أو الصفقة الضخمة التي حصلنا عليها،,,
الخ.... لو كنت حديث التخرج أذكر الأنشطة التي قمت بها بالجامعة أو الأدوار القيادية التي قمت بها ودرجاتك.
22. أوصف أسلوبك في الإدارة؟
23. هل تعمل بصورة أفضل في فريق أو بطريقة مستقلة؟
أظهر أنه بوسعك العمل في فريق لمعرفة رد فعل الآخرين تجاه أفكارك، إلا أنك قادر على العمل باستقلالية وأعط
24. كيف تعمل تحت الضغط؟
جيداً . قم بإعطاء أمثلة.
25. ما هي الوظائف الأخرى التي تقدمت لشغلها؟
لا تذكر الوظائف في المجالات الأخرى، واذكر أية مقابلات أو عروض حصلت عليها من شركات منافسة.
26. كيف كان أداءك الجامعي؟
حافظ على الإيجابية. ليس عيبا أن تقول أنك كنت تشارك كثيرا في الرياضة والأنشطة والحياة الاجتماعية، حيث أن
أصحاب العمل لا يريدون تعيين إنسان آلي. اذكر المواد التي حصلت فيها على درجات جيدة حتى وإن كانت مادة أو
27. ما هي ساعات العمل التي تفضلها؟
يحب أصحاب العمل المرونة. اذكر أنك مستعد للعمل حتى انتهاء المهمة. قم بذكر أية التزامات لديك مثل اضطرارك لإحضار
أطفالك من المدرسة الساعة الثالثة والنصف. سيبدي أغلب اصحاب العمل المرونة إذا أبديت أنت المرونة أيضا.
28. هل لديك أسئلة لي؟
نعم. توجيه الأسئلة يظهر أنك مهتم. قم بتوجيه الأسئلة التي تظهر معلوماتك عن الشركة أو الوظيفة، وانك تخطط
لمستقبل وأنك متعطش للتعلم .....
The 25 most difficult questions you'll be asked on a job interview
Being prepared is half the battle.
If you are one of those executive types unhappy at your present post and embarking on a New Year's resolution to find a new one, here's a helping hand. The job interview is considered to be the most critical aspect of every expedition that brings you face-to- face with the future boss. One must prepare for it with the same tenacity and quickness as one does for a fencing tournament or a chess match.
This article has been excerpted from "PARTING COMPANY: How to Survive the Loss of a Job and Find Another Successfully" by William J. Morin and James C. Cabrera. Copyright by Drake Beam Morin, inc. Publised by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Morin is chairman and Cabrera is president of New York-based Drake Beam Morin, nation's major outplacement firm, which has opened offices in Philadelphia.
1. Tell me about yourself.
Since this is often the opening question in an interview, be extracareful that you don't run off at the mouth. Keep your answer to a minute or two at most. Cover four topics: early years, education, work history, and recent career experience. Emphasize this last subject. Remember that this is likely to be a warm-up question. Don't waste your best points on it.
2. What do you know about our organization?
You should be able to discuss products or services, revenues, reputation, image, goals, problems, management style, people, history and philosophy. But don't act as if you know everything about the place. Let your answer show that you have taken the time to do some research, but don't overwhelm the interviewer, and make it clear that you wish to learn more.
You might start your answer in this manner: "In my job search, I've investigated a number of companies.
Yours is one of the few that interests me, for these reasons..."
Give your answer a positive tone. Don't say, "Well, everyone tells me that you're in all sorts of trouble, and that's why I'm here", even if that is why you're there.
3. Why do you want to work for us?
The deadliest answer you can give is "Because I like people." What else would you like-animals?
Here, and throughout the interview, a good answer comes from having done your homework so that you can speak in terms of the company's needs. You might say that your research has shown that the company is doing things you would like to be involved with, and that it's doing them in ways that greatly interest you. For example, if the organization is known for strong management, your answer should mention that fact and show that you would like to be a part of that team. If the company places a great deal of emphasis on research and development, emphasize the fact that you want to create new things and that you know this is a place in which such activity is encouraged. If the organization stresses financial controls, your answer should mention a reverence for numbers.
If you feel that you have to concoct an answer to this question - if, for example, the company stresses research, and you feel that you should mention it even though it really doesn't interest you- then you probably should not be taking that interview, because you probably shouldn't be considering a job with that organization.
Your homework should include learning enough about the company to avoid approaching places where you wouldn't be able -or wouldn't want- to function. Since most of us are poor liars, it's difficult to con anyone in an interview. But even if you should succeed at it, your prize is a job you don't really want.
4. What can you do for us that someone else can't?
Here you have every right, and perhaps an obligation, to toot your own horn and be a bit egotistical. Talk about your record of getting things done, and mention specifics from your resume or list of career accomplishments. Say that your skills and interests, combined with this history of getting results, make you valuable. Mention your ability to set priorities, identify problems, and use your experience and energy to solve them.
5. What do you find most attractive about this position? What seems least attractive about it?
List three or four attractive factors of the job, and mention a single, minor, unattractive item.
6. Why should we hire you?
Create your answer by thinking in terms of your ability, your experience, and your energy. (See question 4.)
7. What do you look for in a job?
Keep your answer oriented to opportunities at this organization. Talk about your desire to perform and be recognized for your contributions. Make your answer oriented toward opportunity rather than personal security.
8. Please give me your defintion of [the position for which you are being interviewed].
Keep your answer brief and taskoriented. Think in in terms of responsibilities and accountability. Make sure that you really do understand what the position involves before you attempt an answer. If you are not certain. ask the interviewer; he or she may answer the question for you.
9. How long would it take you to make a meaningful contribution to our firm?
Be realistic. Say that, while you would expect to meet pressing demands and pull your own weight from the first day, it might take six months to a year before you could expect to know the organization and its needs well enough to make a major contribution.
10. How long would you stay with us?
Say that you are interested in a career with the organization, but admit that you would have to continue to feel challenged to remain with any organization. Think in terms of, "As long as we both feel achievement-oriented."
11. Your resume suggests that you may be over-qualified or too experienced for this position. What's Your opinion?
Emphasize your interest in establishing a long-term association with the organization, and say that you assume that if you perform well in his job, new opportunities will open up for you. Mention that a strong company needs a strong staff. Observe that experienced executives are always at a premium. Suggest that since you are so wellqualified, the employer will get a fast return on his investment. Say that a growing, energetic company can never have too much talent.
12. What is your management style?
You should know enough about the company's style to know that your management style will complement it. Possible styles include: task oriented (I'll enjoy problem-solving identifying what's wrong, choosing a solution and implementing it"), results-oriented ("Every management decision I make is determined by how it will affect the bottom line"), or even paternalistic ("I'm committed to taking care of my subordinates and pointing them in the right direction").
A participative style is currently quite popular: an open-door method of managing in which you get things done by motivating people and delegating responsibility.
As you consider this question, think about whether your style will let you work hatppily and effectively within the organization.
13. Are you a good manager? Can you give me some examples? Do you feel that you have top managerial potential?
Keep your answer achievementand ask-oriented. Rely on examples from your career to buttress your argument. Stress your experience and your energy.
14. What do you look for when You hire people?
Think in terms of skills. initiative, and the adaptability to be able to work comfortably and effectively with others. Mention that you like to hire people who appear capable of moving up in the organization.
15. Have you ever had to fire people? What were the reasons, and how did you handle the situation?
Admit that the situation was not easy, but say that it worked out well, both for the company and, you think, for the individual. Show that, like anyone else, you don't enjoy unpleasant tasks but that you can resolve them efficiently and -in the case of firing someone- humanely.
16. What do you think is the most difficult thing about being a manager or executive?
Mention planning, execution, and cost-control. The most difficult task is to motivate and manage employess to get something planned and completed on time and within the budget.
17. What important trends do you see in our industry?
Be prepared with two or three trends that illustrate how well you understand your industry. You might consider technological challenges or opportunities, economic conditions, or even regulatory demands as you collect your thoughts about the direction in which your business is heading.
18. Why are you leaving (did you leave) your present (last) job?
Be brief, to the point, and as honest as you can without hurting yourself. Refer back to the planning phase of your job search. where you considered this topic as you set your reference statements. If you were laid off in an across-the-board cutback, say so; otherwise, indicate that the move was your decision, the result of your action. Do not mention personality conflicts.
The interviewer may spend some time probing you on this issue, particularly if it is clear that you were terminated. The "We agreed to disagree" approach may be useful. Remember hat your references are likely to be checked, so don't concoct a story for an interview.
19. How do you feel about leaving all your benefits to find a new job?
Mention that you are concerned, naturally, but not panicked. You are willing to accept some risk to find the right job for yourself. Don't suggest that security might interest you more than getting the job done successfully.
20. In your current (last) position, what features do (did) you like the most? The least?
Be careful and be positive. Describe more features that you liked than disliked. Don't cite personality problems. If you make your last job sound terrible, an interviewer may wonder why you remained there until now.
21. What do you think of your boss?
Be as positive as you can. A potential boss is likely to wonder if you might talk about him in similar terms at some point in the future.
22. Why aren't you earning more at your age?
Say that this is one reason that you are conducting this job search. Don't be defensive.
23. What do you feel this position should pay?
Salary is a delicate topic. We suggest that you defer tying yourself to a precise figure for as long as you can do so politely. You might say, "I understand that the range for this job is between $______ and $______. That seems appropriate for the job as I understand it." You might answer the question with a question: "Perhaps you can help me on this one. Can you tell me if there is a range for similar jobs in the organization?"
If you are asked the question during an initial screening interview, you might say that you feel you need to know more about the position's responsibilities before you could give a meaningful answer to that question. Here, too, either by asking the interviewer or search executive (if one is involved), or in research done as part of your homework, you can try to find out whether there is a salary grade attached to the job. If there is, and if you can live with it, say that the range seems right to you.
If the interviewer continues to probe, you might say, "You know that I'm making $______ now. Like everyone else, I'd like to improve on that figure, but my major interest is with the job itself." Remember that the act of taking a new job does not, in and of itself, make you worth more money.
If a search firm is involved, your contact there may be able to help with the salary question. He or she may even be able to run interference for you. If, for instance, he tells you what the position pays, and you tell him that you are earning that amount now and would Like to do a bit better, he might go back to the employer and propose that you be offered an additional 10%.
If no price range is attached to the job, and the interviewer continues to press the subject, then you will have to restpond with a number. You cannot leave the impression that it does not really matter, that you'll accept whatever is offered. If you've been making $80,000 a year, you can't say that a $35,000 figure would be fine without sounding as if you've given up on yourself. (If you are making a radical career change, however, this kind of disparity may be more reasonable and understandable.)
Don't sell yourself short, but continue to stress the fact that the job itself is the most important thing in your mind. The interviewer may be trying to determine just how much you want the job. Don't leave the impression that money is the only thing that is important to you. Link questions of salary to the work itself.
But whenever possible, say as little as you can about salary until you reach the "final" stage of the interview process. At that point, you know that the company is genuinely interested in you and that it is likely to be flexible in salary negotiations.
24. What are your long-range goals?
Refer back to the planning phase of your job search. Don't answer, "I want the job you've advertised." Relate your goals to the company you are interviewing: 'in a firm like yours, I would like to..."
25. How successful do you you've been so far?
Say that, all-in-all, you're happy with the way your career has progressed so far. Given the normal ups and downs of life, you feel that you've done quite well and have no complaints.
Present a positive and confident picture of yourself, but don't overstate your case. An answer like, "Everything's wonderful! I can't think of a time when things were going better! I'm overjoyed!" is likely to make an interviewer wonder whether you're trying to fool him . . . or yourself. The most convincing confidence is usually quiet confidence.
1- Tell me about your self.
* My name is ………., I'm ……years old, I graduated from faculty of....
Cairo university, I'm single, I live in Giza, and I have experience in ….
2- What would your friends tell me about you ?
* They would tell you about me may be Kind, friendly, smart, calm, helpful and accurate .
3- Why do you want to work in this position ?
* It's suitable for my experience and my skills.
4- What do you do in your spare time ?
* Playing football, reading and playing chess.
5- Tell me about your strengths ?
* Persuasive, self confidence, work under pressure.
6- Tell me about your long term goals.
* I want to be owner of accounting company.
7- What is your dream job ?
* I want to be an accountant in big company.
8- Tell me about an interest or hobby you outgrew.
* Swimming, football, reading and marble.
9- Tell me about a time you had work under pressure.
* I think the time which we had work under pressure is on our project.
10-What do you know about the company ?
* It's big and famous company, good salary and chance of promotion.
11-How do you manage your workweek ?
* I'm organizing my time by making schedule.
12-Describe a leader your admire.
* He must be calm, have a leadership skills and helpful.
13-Where do you see yourself in five years ? What are your long-term goals and objectives ?
* I see my self in next five years working in a famous accounting company; My long-term objectives are to get my PhD degree.
14- Tell me some thing about yourself that I wouldn't know by reading your resume ?
* I'm able to concentrate, able to manage stress, accurate, calm, clear thinking.
15- What is your greatest weakness ?
* My be I'm aggressive, curious, and tough.
16- What personal skill/work habit have you improved recently ?
* I think English, Computer, and communication skills.
17- Tell me about a major accomplishment.
* I think it is finish my project ahead of schedule.
18- What skills are important for your dream job ?
* I think English, Computer, communication skills, work experience, University degree.
19- How do you work inside a team ?
* As friendly, helpful, stable and trusting person.
20- Tell me about a time when you had to work under pressure.
* I think it was when I work on my project we were disappointed in our report.
21- What is your logic in solving problems ?
* My logic I must be calm, accurate, careful and methodical.
22- What skills would you like to develop in order to get your dream job?
* My skills which I need to develop are languages, computer and communication skills.
23- How have you demonstrated leadership ?
* The leader must be discreet, organized and reliable.
24- How do you handle tension/conflict with your colleagues or supervisors ?
* I must be calm, careful and diplomatic when I handle with tension/ conflict colleagues and supervisors.
25- Describe your ideal career.
* My career is very hard and dangerous so that I must be accurate and
careful in my career.
26- Tell me about a project you completed ahead of schedule before its deadline.
* When I completed my project before its deadline, I revised it to sure from my project is efficient and methodical, and give it to my manager to check it.
27- How do you handle criticism of your work ?
* I must be calm and careful and when it is correct I will put it in my mind.
28- What qualities should a successful manager possess ?
* Those qualities will be diplomatic, patient, responsible, and organized
29- Tell me about contribution you have made to a team effort.
* I could give my team more ideas, searcher and risk taker.
30- How is your personality reflected in the activities you do ?
* I'm helpful when some one requests me to complete any work, I try to do my best.
31- If you had unlimited free time, how would you append it ?
* I will travel in a new place and read a big novel.
32- What sets you apart from the crowd ?
* I think in my best friend that must be reliable, emotional, optimistic, and modest.
33- How do you determine or evaluate success ?
* By the people opinion and my manager pleased me and thanks my or if I get a promotion.
34- Tell me about a project that you were personally disappointed in.
* In our project in FGF we were disappointed in our report.
35- Give me proof of your persuasiveness.
* When I requested from my mother to go to Aswan trip with my friends she was afraid, but I could persuasive and I went there.
36- How has your personal interest or hobby helpful to develop the skill that would be required for your ideal career ?
* I like playing chess it is help me to be more calm and accurate.
37- How practical or pragmatic are you ?
* I'm practical in my job with my friends I'm pragmatic.
38- What criteria are you using to evaluate the company for which you hope to work ?
* By the salary, change of promotion, name of the company.
39- Our company believes that employees should give something back to the community, how do you feel about that.
* I like it as its good thing to provide good service.
40- Descried what is a balanced life style.
* When I can divided my time and interests between my family and my work and my friends.
41- What new challenges would you enjoy ?
* When I work in a team it's hard but I like it.
42- How have you overcome a problem in a creative way ?
* When I'm solving my problems I must be calm and take my time to thinking.
43- What work environment are you most comfortable ?
* I'm most comfortable in a team work and friendly people.
44- Describe a situation in which you concluded that the risks far outweighed the results ?
* When I was in faculty, I was study from the summaries more than the books.
45- Tell me about a time you had to defend an idea to a boss or someone of a senior position.
* In the past, my father wanted to make me a lower but I wouldn't like this so I change his opinion.
46- When you are not at work. Do you prefer an agenda or are you spontaneous?
* I prefer agenda.
47- Describe your comfort level to work with people of higher rank and people of lower rank.
* I'm comfortable when I work with people of higher rank, as I can useful from them.
48- Which is more important creativity or efficiency? Why?
* Creativity is more important, because it make me think in some things new.
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